Stomach ulcers are also known by the name gastric ulcers. They are painful sores that form in the stomach lining. Stomach ulcers can be referred to as a peptic disease. Any ulcer that affects both the stomach or small intestines is called a peptic ulcer.
Stomach ulcers are caused by the thin layer of mucus protecting your stomach from the digestive juices. This allows digestive acids to attack the stomach tissues, leading to an ulcer.
Stomach ulcers can be treated easily, but they can quickly become serious if not properly treated.
One of these causes almost all stomach ulcers:
- An infection with Helicobacter pylori, also known as H. pylori
- Long-term nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as naproxen, ibuprofen or aspirin.
A condition called Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome can lead to stomach or intestinal ulcers. It increases the body’s acid production. This syndrome is believed to cause less than 1 percent of all peptic ulcers.
Stomach ulcers can cause a variety of symptoms. The severity of the ulcer will determine the severity of your symptoms.
Most common symptoms include a burning sensation in your abdomen, between your belly button and your chest. The pain can last from a few minutes up to several hours and is more severe if your stomach is full. Here are common stomach ulcers symptoms;
You may also notice the following signs and symptoms:
- The stomach feels dull
- Weight loss
- Not wanting to eat due to pain
- nausea or vomit
- Feeling easily satisfied
- Burping or acid reflux
- Heartburn (a burning sensation in your chest)
- You may feel less pain if you drink, eat, or take an antacid.
- Anaemia can cause tiredness, paler skin, and shortness of breath.
- A dark, tarry stool
- You should not eat vomit that is bloody or looks like coffee grounds
If you feel that you may have a stomach ulcer, talk to your doctor. Although mild discomfort can be uncomfortable, ulcers can become more severe if not treated. Bleeding ulcers could be life-threatening
Your symptoms and severity of the ulcer will determine how you are diagnosed and treated. Your doctor will examine your medical history, including your symptoms and any prescriptions or over-the-counter medications, to diagnose stomach ulcers.
H. A blood, stool or breath test can be ordered to rule out H. A breath test will require you to drink the clear liquid and then inhale it into a sealed bag. H. If H. pylori are present in the breath sample, it will have higher levels of carbon dioxide than normal.
There are also other tests and procedures that can be used to diagnose stomach ulcers:
- Barium swallow barium is a thick, white liquid that coats the upper gastrointestinal tract. This allows your doctor to see your small and large intestines on X-rays.
- Endoscopy – (EGD). The tube is thin and lighted and is passed through the mouth to the stomach and the first part of your small intestine. This test can be used to detect bleeding and ulcers.
- In an endoscopic biopsy to analyze it in a laboratory, a piece of stomach tissue must be removed.
The cause of your ulcer will determine the treatment you need. Most ulcers can usually be treated with a prescription from a doctor. In rare cases, however, surgery may be necessary.
It is important to immediately treat any ulcer. Talk to your doctor about a treatment plan. You will likely need to be admitted for intensive care if you have an active bleeding ulcer. This may include IV ulcer medication and endoscopy. A blood transfusion may be required.
If H. You will need antibiotics and drugs known as proton pump inhibitors. PPIs prevent stomach cells from producing acid.
Your doctor may recommend the following treatments:
- H2 receptor blocking (drugs that also block acid production)
- Stop using all NSAIDs
- Follow-up endoscopy
- probiotics (useful bacteria) that could play a role in the killing of H. pylori
- Bismuth Supplement
The symptoms of an ulcer can be relieved quickly by undergoing treatment. Even if you feel better, your doctor may still prescribe medication. H. H. pylori infections to ensure that all bacteria is eliminated.
Side effects of medication used to treat stomach ulcers include:
- Abdominal pain
These side effects usually last for a short time. These side effects are usually temporary. Talk to your doctor if you feel extreme discomfort.
Surgery may be required in rare cases. For ulcers that are:
- Continue to return
- Do not try to heal
- You can tear into your stomach
- Keep food from escaping the stomach and into the small intestine
One possible outcome of surgery is:
- Removal of the whole ulcer
- Removing tissue from another part of your intestines, and then patching it on the ulcer site
- Tie off a bleeding vein
- To reduce stomach acid production, cut off the nerve supply to your stomach
It was believed that diet could cause ulcers in the past. This is not true, as we now know. It is also true that, while a diet doesn’t cure or cause stomach ulcers, a healthy diet can help your intestinal tract and overall health.
It’s generally a good idea for people to eat lots of fruits and vegetables.
It is possible, however, that H. can be eliminated by certain foods. pylori. H. can be prevented by eating foods that contain pylori. H. pylori and foods that may help boost the body’s healthy bacteria include:
- Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and radishes
- Leafy greens like spinach and kale
- Probiotic-rich foods include sauerkraut, miso and kombucha.
- Blueberries, raspberries and strawberries are all good choices.
- Olive oil
It is also a good idea not to eat spicy or sour foods while a stomach ulcer heals.
The following items, in addition to healthy eating habits, may reduce H. H. pylori, which is the bacteria that causes many stomach ulcers. These supplements should not be used in place of prescription medication. These include:
- Glutamine (food sources include eggs, chicken, fish, spinach, and cabbage).
Your doctor might also suggest things you can do at your home to ease the discomfort of your ulcer. Talk to your doctor about natural and home remedies for ulcers.
Call your doctor if you suspect you may have a stomach ulcer. Talk to your doctor about your symptoms and possible treatment options. To find a doctor near you, you can use the Healthcareline FindCare tool.
Because stomach ulcers can lead to H. Pylori can lead to:
- bleeding ulcer site can be life-threatening
- PerceptionThis is when the ulcer passes through the intestinal wall and into another organ such as the pancreas.
- PerforationThis is when an ulcer forms a hole in your digestive tract’s wall.
- ObstructionsBlockage in the digestive tract is caused by swelling of inflamed tissue
- Stomach cancerParticularlyNon-cardia gastric carcinoma
These complications may include the symptoms listed below. These symptoms can be serious so make sure you call your doctor immediately.
- Trouble breathing
- Red or black stool or vomit
- A sudden, sharp pain in the abdomen that won’t go away
Wash your hands frequently with soap and water to prevent bacteria from spreading. Make sure you properly clean and cook all food.
To avoid ulcers from NSAIDs, you should stop taking them if possible or reduce their use. You should follow the prescribed dosage and avoid alcohol if you take NSAIDs. These medications should always be taken with adequate liquids and food.